Garbage collector configuration¶
PyPy’s default incminimark garbage collector is configurable through several environment variables:
- The nursery size. Defaults to 1/2 of your cache or 4M. Small values (like 1 or 1KB) are useful for debugging.
- The interval at which nursery is cleaned up. Must be smaller than the nursery size and bigger than the biggest object we can allotate in the nursery.
- The size of memory marked during the marking step. Default is size of nursery times 2. If you mark it too high your GC is not incremental at all. The minimum is set to size that survives minor collection times 1.5 so we reclaim anything all the time.
- Major collection memory factor. Default is 1.82, which means trigger a major collection when the memory consumed equals 1.82 times the memory really used at the end of the previous major collection.
- Major collection threshold’s max growth rate. Default is 1.4. Useful to collect more often than normally on sudden memory growth, e.g. when there is a temporary peak in memory usage.
- The max heap size. If coming near this limit, it will first collect more often, then raise an RPython MemoryError, and if that is not enough, crash the program with a fatal error. Try values like 1.6GB.
- The major collection threshold will never be set to more than PYPY_GC_MAX_DELTA the amount really used after a collection. Defaults to 1/8th of the total RAM size (which is constrained to be at most 2/3/4GB on 32-bit systems). Try values like 200MB.
- Don’t collect while the memory size is below this limit. Useful to avoid spending all the time in the GC in very small programs. Defaults to 8 times the nursery.
- Enable extra checks around collections that are too slow for normal use. Values are 0 (off), 1 (on major collections) or 2 (also on minor collections).